A migraine is a headache that can be moderate or severe. The pain can erupt in a localized place on the forehead, or it can spread across the entire forehead. Many things can trigger a migraine, but we do not know what causes them. Some people may have severe migraines, while others may have moderate headaches. Symptoms of migraines can be extremely painful. It is not unusual for those who suffer from a migraine, to vomit or have nausea, accompanied by the pain of having a migraine. Migraines can last for as little as a few hours, or as long as three whole days.
The length of a migraine, may not depend on the severity. It may be mild and last for a long period, or it may be severe, and last for a short period of time. Studies show that women get migraines a lot more than men, but men also get migraines as well. Many things can cause to trigger a migraine. It can be a loud noise, bright lights, or even by watching television. Some people have a history of migraines in their family, so they are more susceptible to receive one. Migraines can be extremely problematic to those who suffer from it.
Find a quiet place
If possible, retreat from your usual activities when the symptoms arrive.
- Turn the lights off. Take a rest in a dark and quiet room. Sleep if you are able to.
- Use temperature therapy. Apply hot or cold to your head and neck. Ice packs have dull the sensation of pain. Hot pads can relax tense muscles. Warm (not hot) showers or baths have a soothing effect.
- Drink a cup of coffee or green tea. Caffeine can relieve migraine symptoms when taken in moderate amounts and early when the pain appear. It also enhances the pain relief of medicines such as aspirin.
- Don’t skip meals. Fasting increases the risk of migraines.
Not only are the migraines painful, but they can be debilitating. They can easily prevent you from going on with your day. Those who have severe migraine attacks may end up missing work. They usually end up in bed all day, trying to get rid of their pain. If you have a migraine, there are ways to get rid of it so that you can go on with the rest of your day. One good way to get rid of a migraine is by laying down in a room with no light, as well as no sound.
If you’re not certain what has triggered your migraine, turning out the lights, as well as isolating noise out of the room, should help to relieve your symptoms. You’ll also want to take some pain medication, such as ibuprofen, which is well known to get rid of migraines.
Sleep is important
One of the best prevention measures is a good regular sleep. Migraines are very often triggered by a poor sleep during the night.
There are few things to encourage sound sleep.
- Have regular sleeping time. Go to bed and get up roughly at the same time daily. You should stick to your routine even on weekends. If possible take short naps during the day. Ideally keep those naps at 20 to 30 minutes. Otherwise, they will interfere with your night sleep.
- Relax before you go to bed. Listen to soft music, take a warm bath with essential oils or read little. Eat at least 2 hours before bedtime. Refrain from alcohol, nicotine and caffeine before you go to sleep. Save your bedroom only for sleep. Don’t put TV set in your bedroom. Do not read work-related materials in your bed.
- Sleep cannot be forced. The fact is, the harder you try to fall sleep, the more awake you are. If you have problems with falling asleep, read or do some light and quiet activity until you become sleepy.
Some people are having other symptoms that are accompanying the migraine, such as nausea or vomiting. In this case, you may want to look for over-the-counter medication, to help all these problems at once. A hot or cold wet towel can also be pressed against the sensitive area.
Some people have triggers, such as watching flashing lights on TV or even playing a video game. If these things trigger your symptoms, then you definitely need to cut back on playing video games. Also, skip watching TV shows that include flashing lights. If you can sense that you are getting a migraine, you’ll want to start preventative measures, before a migraine gets too bad. If you are on the road or at work, you’ll want to make sure to bring medication with you for an emergency relief until you can get home to treat it properly.
- Migraine is the 3rd most prevalent illness in the world.
- Nearly 1 in 4 U.S. households includes someone with migraine.
- Amazingly, 12% of the population – including children – suffers from migraine.
- 18% of American women, 6% of men, and 10% of children experience migraines.
- Migraine is most common between the ages of 25 and 55.
- Migraine tends to run in families. About 90% of migraine sufferers have a family history of migraine.
Source: Migraine Research Foundation